About The Diseases

  • Are any of the diseases becoming more common?

    Yes. Because of lower vaccination rates and more accessible worldwide travel, some vaccine-preventable diseases are making a comeback. In other countries where the health-care system is not as developed, some vaccine-preventable diseases that are not common in the United States are still prevalent and pose a threat to Americans through travel and immigration.

  • Can my child’s immune system handle these diseases by itself?

    Short Answer

    It’s possible, but it’s not guaranteed. Every child’s… Read More >>

  • Are any of these diseases a cause for concern?

    Short Answer

    Yes, they can be. Infection from many vaccine-preventable… Read More >>

  • Where have there been outbreaks? (World, U.S., VT)

    View an interactive map of disease outbreaks across the world.  Learn… Read More >>

  • How many people catch vaccine-preventable diseases in a typical year?

    Below is a table of the number of cases of infection of vaccine-preventable… Read More >>

  • What is a disease outbreak?

    Short Answer

    A disease outbreak happens when a disease shows up in greater… Read More >>

  • How are diseases spread from person to person?

    Short Answer

    Vaccine-preventable diseases spread in a variety of ways,… Read More >>

  • Can my child actually catch these diseases in Vermont?

    Short Answer

    Yes. For example, in recent years Vermont has seen a surge in… Read More >>

  • What is whooping cough?

    Short Answer

    Whooping cough, which is also called pertussis, is a very serious… Read More >>

  • What is tetanus?

    Short Answer

    Tetanus, also called lockjaw, is an infectious disease of … Read More >>

  • What is rubella?

    Short Answer

    Rubella, which is also called German measles, is a disease … Read More >>

  • What is rotavirus?

    Short Answer

    Rotavirus causes gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach…

  • What is polio?

    Short Answer

    Polio is an incurable infectious disease caused by a virus … Read More >>

  • What is pneumococcal disease?

    Short Answer

    The Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria can cause four types… Read More >>

  • What are The mumps?

    Short Answer

    Mumps is caused by a virus that’s spread through coughing… Read More >>

  • What is meningococcal disease?

    Short Answer

    Meningococcal disease can refer to any illness that is caused… Read More >>

  • What is measles?


    Measles is a respiratory disease caused by a virus that grows… Read More >>

  • What is influenza?

    Short Answer

    Influenza (the flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused… Read More >>

  • What is hib?

    Short Answer

    Hib disease is a group of serious illnesses caused by the bacteria… Read More >>

  • What is hepatitis B?

    Short Answer

    Hepatitis B is a contagious disease that affects the liver.… Read More >>

  • What is hepatitis A?

    Short Answer

    Hepatitis A is a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis… Read More >>

  • What is diphtheria?

    Short Answer

    There are two types of diphtheria: respiratory (which affects… Read More >>

  • What is chickenpox?

    Short Answer

    Chickenpox is a very contagious, viral disease that causes… Read More >>